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on April 28, 2006 at 5:38:00 pm

Rohingya language


Rohang is the ancient name of Arakan State, Burma (Myanmar). Rohingya or Rohangya(Rohang+ya) means the people of Rohang.


The first writing of Rohingya Language was more than 300 years ago and used Arabic scripts. However, due to lack of all sounds available with Arabic scripts, a new innovative system has been developed using 28 Latin Alphabets whereas 26 alphabets are from todays English alphabets.



Rohingya chracter set


As analyzed, there are ten basic sounds in Rohingya dialect which are the building blocks of all Rohingya words which may approach about fifty thousands or more. Again these ten sounds can be divided into two categories-staright sounds and circular sounds. For example in the word aiyo (meaning come) has ai as circular sound and yo as straight sounds.


The straight sounds are six, where the first five sounds are represented by five vowels a,e,i,o,u and the last one is represented by two combined vowel ou.




The circular sounds are four and are represented by four vowels each one suffixed by "i" as follows.





There are three colurings in Rohingya Language words that make the word pronounce exactly the way Rohingya people speak.



#1 Soft and Stress

Normal vowels aeiou are for soft sounds and stress vowels áéíóú are for stressed sounds. e.g.

Ful = bridge/hole

Fúl = flower

#2 Extend

To extend (pulling horizontally) the sound of any vowel we need to vowels side by side. e.g.

Fool = fool

Maana = free

Muu = face

#3 Stress and Extend

In Rohingya there are many words which include both stress and extend together making he language much difficult. e.g.

Gaa = body

G = sing

Gáa = infection

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